Governor MACQUARIE having departed from Sydney on board the Government Brig Lady Nelson, on Monday the 4th November, with the intention of visiting the Settlements of Van Diemen's Land, ... With the view of finding out a desirable situation, combining utility to the Country with an easy access from the Straits, the Governor employed four days in exploring every part of the River, which does not in the course of forty miles afford a situation where the necessary requisites of safe anchorage and fresh water are combined, until reaching Outer Cove, now named York Cove (in honour of His Royal Highness the Duke of YORK), which the Governor has fixed on for a town, to be called George Town in honour of our Most Gracious SOVEREIGN. To those persons who are not likely to see this enchanting situation an adequate description cannot be given of it: but those who have seen Mount Edgcambe; in Cornwall, may form to themselves some idea of it, the resemblance between those places being very striking. The Cove, tho small, affords safe anchorage; and the distance from Lagoon Beach, which is immediately within the Heads, being only two miles, will enable vessels to supply themselves with all necessary refreshments from the Town, by means of their boats. The rapidity of the current encountered after passing Lagoon Beach rendering this, perhaps, the best situation which Port Dalrymple affords for ships wishing for a secure anchorage when detained by contrary winds in the Straits, and from whence they may with facility take take advantage of a change of wind. On Friday, the 20th of December, the Governor proceeded from Lagoon Beach on his return to Sydney, ... The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser - 11 Jan 1812The town plan was ordained by Governor Lachlan Macquarie when he visited in December 1811, one of the key features was a central square, named for the king: Regent Square. Today the square has a Memorial Hall,
Many of the early buildings were made of timber and so no longer exist. There are a few exceptions ( of course in other countries the age of these buildings would be totally unremarkable, here though - really old ) :
GEORGE TOWN. A pleasure trip. (communicated) ... Being a stranger, I made the best of my way to one of the respectable Inns, which are within about a hundred yards of our place of landing, and was very soon comfortably seated in a pleasant, quiet, and very cool room of the ' Steam Packet Tavern' which I had fixed upon for my Inn, kept by Mr. Augustus Wood ; it is a somewhat old-fashioned Inn, but the most English of any I have been in for a long time... The Cornwall Chronicle Sat 5 Dec 1846
As technology advanced George Town became home to the Eastern Extension Cable Co. Station in 1869, there is a carved tree sculpture in honour of the station at Windmill point.
The station was closed in 1909 when the original cable was replaced by two cables built by Siemens and run by the Post Master General's department. Currently a 300 km fibre-optic cable from George Town to Gippsland in Victoria connects Tasmania to the mainland..