The Australian Salt's

Family Tree & History Page

Descendants of Robert Salt (1793 - 1852) and Maria Barret (1796 - 1864)

With thanks to Bernard Salt, Kenneth Clark, and Robert Barrymore Salt
Last Update: December 11, 2017 10:52 PM


Descendants of Robert Salt of Hungerford (1793 - 1852) by Ken Clark.

Descendants of Charles Stanley Salt of Strathdownie (1899-1959) by Robert Barrymore Salt.

Ancestors mentioned in the Press.

Maria Salt (1855 - 1939)

In Great Britain in 2008: It is estimated that 12,894 people share the surname Salt.
The surname Salt is the 751st most common name in Great Britain.

Most common surname by county in Great Britain.
Staffordshire: Salt is the 25th surname 3,383 people
Belfast: Salt is the 141th surname 1,717 people
Buckinghamshire: Salt is the 149th surname 1,749 people
West Midlands: Salt is the 169th surname 3,357 people
South Yorkshire: Salt is the 250th surname 1,711 people
Cheshire: Salt is the 267th surname 1,721 people

"SALT. This surname is very common in Staffordshire, in which county there ia a village so called. In 1106, it is written Selte. Lib. Nig. Scacc. In the reign of Henry III. Ivo de Saut held one knight's fee in Saut, of the Barony of Stafford. Subsequently Hugh de Salt held Salt of Philip de Chetwynd. From this tenure, and from the resemblance of the arms, it is probable that Salt was a cadet of Chetwynd. In the Visitations of Staffordshire there are pedigrees of this family, from whom descend Thomas Salt, Esq., jun., M.P. for Stafford, and William Salt, Esq., F.S.A." - from Patronymica Britannica: A Dictionary of the Family Names of the United Kingdom, by Mark Antony Lower, Published by J.R. Smith, 1860, Original from Oxford University, Digitized 19 Jun 2006, 443 pages.

(A cadet is a younger son, as opposed to the firstborn heir. Compare puisne. As an adjective, "cadet" is used to signify a junior branch of a family. Thus, the Orleans line was a cadet branch of the Bourbon family. For the status as such, the noun cadency exists, as in the heraldic term mark of cadency for a feature which distinguishes a cadet son's coat of arms from the father's which is passed on unaltered only to the (usually firstborn) heir.)

English: metonymic occupational name for a producer or seller of salt, from Middle English salt, or a habitational name from a place in Staffordshire, so called for a salt pit there.

This name is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and is an English locational surname from the town of Salt in Staffordshire, recorded as "Selte" in the Domesday Book of 1086, and as "Salt" in the 1167 Pipe Rolls of that county. The name derives from the Olde English pre 7th Century "selte" meaning a salt-pit. At the beginning of the century there were salt works within two miles of the town. Locational surnames were usually acquired by a local landowner, or by the lord of the manor, and especially by those former inhabitants of a place who had moved to another area, and were thereafter best identified by the name of their birthplace. The surname from this source is first recorded at the end of the 12th Century (see below). One William de Saut appears in the 1203 Staffordshire Pleas Rolls and an Alyce Salte in the Burial Records of St. James' Church, Clerkenwell, London, dated 1599. William Salt (1805 - 1863) was a Staffordshire antiquary who made archaelogical collections from the county. He was also a member of the Royal Society of Literature. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Nicholas de (of) Salt, which was dated 1199, witness in the "Assize Court Rolls of Staffordshire", during the reign of King Richard 1, known as "The Lionheart", 1189 - 1199. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

The Salt Family Coat of Arms is described as: 'Azure, a chevron indented between two mullets and a demi ostrich holding in the beak a horse shoe in base or'.

Azure (blue) = loyalty & truth
Chevron = protection - for those who have accomplished some faithful service
Mullets (the five-pointed stars) = divine quality bestowed from above
Ostrich = willing obedience & serenity
Horseshoe = good luck & protection
Or (gold or yellow) = generosity

Yoxhall, Staffordshire Sir Thomas, Baronet of Weeping Cross London

"In Sale Salus" (Translated as In Salt Safety, or Health through Salt)

Sir William Henry, Baronet J.P., D.L., of Saltaire / Sir Shirley Harris, Baronet, Gliffaes, Crickhowell. "Quid non, Deo juvante!" (What may not be done by the help of God ?)

Baronetcies created for persons with the surname Salt in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom.

The Salt Baronetcy, of Saltaire in the County of York, was created in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom on 30 October 1869 for the manufacturer, benefactor and Liberal politician Titus Salt.

The Salt Baronetcy, of Standon, and of Weeping Cross in the County of Stafford, was created in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom on 8 August 1899 for Thomas Salt, a banker and Conservative Member of Parliament for Stafford for many years. Other members of the family may also be mentioned:- William Salt (1808-1863) was a Banker and Genealogist. Harold Francis Salt (1879-1971), youngest son of the first Baronet, was a Major-General in the Army. James Frederick Thomas George Salt (1940-3 Dec 2009), son of George Stevenson Salt, second son of the second Baronet, was a Rear-Admiral in the Royal Navy.

Both titles are extant as of 2007.

Salt Baronets, of Saltaire (1869)

Sir Titus Salt, 1st Baronet (1803-1876)
Sir William Henry Salt, 2nd Baronet (1831-1892)
Sir Shirley Harris Salt, 3rd Baronet (1857-1920)
Sir John William Titus Salt, 4th Baronet (1884-1953)
Sir David Shirley Salt, 5th Baronet (1930-1978)
Sir Anthony Houlton Salt, 6th Baronet (1931-1991)
Sir Patrick MacDonnell Salt, 7th Baronet (b. 1932)

Salt Baronets, of Standon and Weeping Cross (1899)

Sir Thomas Salt, 1st Baronet (1830-1904)
Sir Thomas Anderson Salt, 2nd Baronet (1863-1940) High Sheriff of Staffordshire 1909.
Sir Thomas Henry Salt, 3rd Baronet (1905-1965)
Sir (Thomas) Michael John Salt, 4th Baronet (b. 1946)



The Family Tree: Descended from Robert Salt (1793 - 1852).


There were a number of children other than my Grandfather born to Thomas Salt b.1867 in Pt Fairy. Charley Salt was the 8th child in the family, born in 1899 in Strathdownie Victoria. His family tree is documented here

My Family Branch (Continued from above)

Other Family Branches

Charles Stanley Salt, Family Branch

Kenneth Clark's "Descendants of the Salt family in Australia"

Ancestors mentioned in the Press

Maria Salt (1855 - 1939)

A History of Robert Salt's Descendants in Australia; by Bernard Salt,
May 1987
(Any text in green was added by Alan Salt)

Robert and Maria

The earliest record of the Salt family that I have is the marriage certificate of Robert Salt and Maria Barrett who were married in the Village of Speen, County Berkshire, England, in June 1816. Robert was about 23 years of age at the time of his marriage to Maria who was probably a few years younger. I believe that Robert was originally from the village of Hungerford, a few miles west of Speen, as it was the custom for the marriage to take place in the bride's Parish. Nevertheless, Robert and Maria soon moved to Hungerford where Robert was employed over the following 20 years or so in the town's hotel industry.

Parish records show that there were several Salt families living in Hungerford in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, and an earlier branch possibly hailed from the village of Lambourne, a little way to the north of Hungerford.

Hungerford Marriages :
12-May-1760 Joseph Salt Hungerford Mary Willis Hungerford B
07-Mar-1763 Thomas Salt Hungerford Sarah Vokins Hungerford B
04-Sep-1769 Thomas Looker Hungerford Prudence Salt Hungerford B
31-Jan-1778 Thomas Salt Hungerford Eleanor York Hungerford B
18-Apr-1791 William Salt Hungerford Essex Osman Hungerford L
13-Nov-1794 Thomas Salt Hungerford Jane Wigens Hungerford L William Salt (witness)
12-Oct-1815 James Woodham Hungerford Eliza Mary Salt Hungerford L
24-Jun-1824 Henry William Salt Hungerford Ann Bear Hungerford L
01-Oct-1838 John Salt Post Boy Newbury Bathias Dodd Servant Charnham Street
04-Jul-1841 Henry William Salt Carpenter Hungerford Rebecca Thomas Hungerford


Robert and Maria had several children, all of whom were born in Hungerford, and they are as follows:

William Robert
Mary Ann


Robert worked for some time as a waiter at the Bear Inn, a hotel that still operates today. Later, records from the Hungerford National School in the 1820's show that Robert Salt, father of pupils Thomas and Henry, was variously described as a publican, a malster, a victualler and so forth.

Migration to Australia
In 1835, William, the eldest of Robert and Maria's children, married Hannah Taylor, in Windsor. Late in the 1830's, William and his wife decided to immigrate to Australia. They arrived in Melbourne in July 1840 onboard the ship Theresa.
At that time, William was aged 24 years and he described his occupation as 'gunsmith'. Six years later William Salt was working as a gunsmith from his own shop in Gipps Street, Port Fairy. By 1872 he was a Schoolmaster at Carngham in Victoria. In 1877 he passed on.

Little is known about Robert and Maria between the mid-1820s and mid-1840s, but I think they probably remained in Hungerford until the early 1840's. At about this time, Robert and Maria's fourth son, also named Robert, moved to London and indeed to the East -End where he worked as a waiter, and later as a wine cooper. Robert lived at 5 Crabtree Row (now Columbia Road) in Shoreditch, Bethnal Green, one of the poorest parts of London. It was at about this time that Charles Dickens wrote his novel Oliver Twist, which described life in the slums of London's East End.

Robert married Eliza Stockwell, daughter of shoemaker William Stockwell of 11 Crabtree Row. Indeed, he married the girl next door. They were married late in 1844, in St. Phillips Church (now demolished) in Shoreditch, and soon after they moved a few streets away to a house at 15 Gibraltar Walk, Shoreditch.

(Rachael Robb wrote with this additional information: "My Mum is the grand daughter of Adeline Maud Salt (Grand daughter of Robert Salt and Eliza Stockwell, and daughter of Thomas).

Mum recently got in touch concerning the Jenkins side and this got me looking into her side of the family.

I've lived in North London for 15 years and spend a great deal of time in the east end, it was amazing to find out Robert moved here and meet the strangest of co-incidences my close friend lives on Columbia Rd in the exact location Eliza lived (11 Crabtree Row)

I've looked into Eliza's family, she was born on Kingsland Rd, Shoreditch. Her father was from Bishopsgate, her parents married at St Botolph in Bishopsgate (by Liverpool Street) in 1824 and moved to Shoreditch upon their wedding. It appears Eliza's mother, Susannah Hutt was 15 years old and and 5 months pregnant at the time, Eliza was baptised at Shoreditch church on the 22nd of June 1824, William her father was a Currier (of leather) at the time of her birth and later became a shoemaker.

William Stockwell was baptised at St Botolph in Bishopsgate on April 30th 1797, his parents were named James and Elizabeth.

Eliza's mother was a hat maker, Eliza and her sister were hat trimmers.

During the time of the 1841 census Eliza's family were living in Gibraltar Gardens, a tiny narrow alley way near Gibraltar Walk (just of Bethnal Green Rd) it was a squalid place, they did well to get out of there.

This is as far as I can get, I plan to visit the Hackney Archives soon so will hopefully unearth more there.

Its been fascinating and great to have this connection to an area I have come to know so well.")

Robert and Eliza had their first child, whom they named William, in 1845, and a second, Robert, in 1846. Not long after the birth of Robert in 1846, Robert and Eliza immigrated to Australia with Robert's parents, Robert and Maria, as well as Robert's brother Henry and his wife Jane Gilbert. Henry and Jane were married at Eton near Windsor in 1846. Henry was actually employed as a stable hand in the Royal Stables near Windsor Castle. Also in the Salt party to immigrate to Australia was Charlotte, the youngest child of Robert and Maria. I do not know whether Robert and Eliza's other daughters, Maria and Mary Ann, came to Australia. They were not in the party that emigrated in 1848. I think they probably married and remained in England.

The Salt family immigrated to Australia in 1848, some eight years after William had arrived in Melbourne. By 1848, William was established as a gunsmith in Port Fairy, and his letters must have been persuasive enough to encourage the whole family to emigrate. The only other member of Robert and Maria's family to remain in England, apart from Maria and Mary Ann, was Thomas - he was to immigrate much later in 1858.
The Salt family boarded the barque Westminster in the spring of 1848, and spent the next four months at sea. The Westminster sailed due south to the Cape of Good Hope, and then due east across the Indian Ocean to Adelaide. They arrived in Port Adelaide on July 5, 1848. During the voyage there were eight deaths, six of which were children. One of the children to die was Emily Jane Salt, the first and only child of Henry and Jane Salt.

Soon after arriving in Adelaide, Robert and Maria made their way by ship to Port Fairy where they met up with William and Hannah, that is Robert's eldest son who had immigrated to Australia in 1840. Robert Salt senior died four years later in Port Fairy. No record has as yet been found of Maria's death, but it was probably sometime later in the Port Fairy district. [Maria Salt nee Barrett remarried after Robert's death to Joseph Tomkinson, and died under that name in Yambuk in 1864]

Back in Adelaide, Robert and Eliza and Henry and Jane Salt had established themselves: Henry was a bootmaker and Robert found work as a waiter. Robert lived in Fisher Place in Adelaide, just near today's Rundle Mall. This proved a temporary residence, as by 1855 Robert and Eliza had moved to the small gold mining township of Echunga in the Adelaide Hills. Between 1848 and 1855, when the family moved to Echunga, Eliza lost three children through scarlet fever debility and so forth. Henry and Jane, on the other hand, had a further two children in Adelaide, one of which was to die in infancy.

Robert and Eliza moved to Echunga in 1855 where Robert worked as a gold digger for the next four years. On the goldfields, Eliza had three more children - Maria, Susan and Thomas (my great grandfather).

In 1860, Robert Salt and his wife Eliza decided to leave Echunga for Victoria. In early September 1860, the young Salt family made its way to Portland on the coastal steamer Ladybird. Soon after arriving in Portland, Robert moved to Warrnambool where he worked as a labourer. Within a few years, the Salt family again moved, this time to a sheep station at Warrong, some 18 miles northwest of Warrnambool. It was here that Eliza gave birth to her last child at the age of 42. At this time, in 1866, Robert and Eliza were both 42 and had a family of 12 children, nine of whom survived infancy and ranged in age from 22 years to one month. By 1887, Robert and Eliza had moved to a house off Lava Street in Warrnambool where Eliza died at the age of 63, after a three-year illness from stomach cancer. She died on December 17, 1887. Just two years later on October 9, 1889, Robert also died from stomach cancer after a nine-month illness.

It is thought that Thomas Salt arrived in Victoria in 1858. Nothing is known about Thomas' whereabouts until 1866 when he married 24-year-old Margaret Graston, a general servant of Bank Street, Belfast (Port Fairy), on May 1, 1866. Thomas then described his occupation as hostler. The wedding was officiated by the Baptist Minister, Mr. J. C. McLoughlin and witnessed by Thomas' brother Henry and 16-year-old niece Selina. Margaret was born in Brownlow Hill, Liverpool, in 1842. One year after the marriage, on November 13, 1867, Margaret gave birth to a son, Thomas. Soon after, Thomas and his wife moved to Ballarat West where he worked as a groom. There they had another son, Robert, born on February 17, 1870. Thomas' wife Margaret died in 1874 after the birth of a third child, Mary Jane. Thomas remarried at the age of 63 in Mt. Gambier. His second wife was Mary Maloney, a 30-year-old house servant who later gave birth to a son, Titus, in 1885. 1 think there may have been another son, Tobias, but I have no confirmation of this. The existence of Titus Salt (b. 1885) may have led many in the Salt family to think that we are in fact related to a Sir Titus Salt who died in England in 1876 (see below). Thomas Salt died in St. Kilda in 1901 and was the longest-surviving member of his family.

(Researching Trove.nla turned up the following. This is my Great Great Grandfather - Alan Salt's that is.)

Henry Salt remained in Adelaide until about 1854, when he and Jane, and their two children, moved to Portland where Henry again established himself as a bootmaker in Gawler Street. Within four years they had moved to Warrnambool, and by 1865 Henry was working as a bootmaker in Bank Street, Port Fairy. Henry Salt remained in Port Fairy but it is known that his wife Jane was living in Koroit Street, Warrnambool in 1880. It was here that she died on April 29, 1881 at the age of 56. She is now buried in the grave next to Robert and Eliza in the Warrnambool Cemetery. It is not known where or when her husband died, or where he is buried.

William Salt remained in Port Fairy for a few years after the death of his father in 1852. He was later to establish himself as a schoolteacher at Carngham, Victoria, where he died in 1877. William and Hannah had only one child, a boy whom they named John and who died in infancy.

Sir Titus Salt
There have been claims that our Salt family is linked to that of Sir Titus Salt, a textile manufacturer from Bradford, near Leeds, who died aged 73 in 1876. Titus was born in 1803 the son of Daniel Salt of Bradford. Titus Salt developed a textile manufacturing empire in Leeds following his discovery of a technique for commercially spinning alpaca hair. Through his services to industry, Titus Salt was created a Baronet (knighted) in 1869. Sir Titus is also noted by town planning students for his development of a model town outside Bradford which he called Saltaire, and which today forms part of the greater Bradford urban area. Sir Titus had five sons (and three daughters):

Name Born
William Henry 1831
George 1833
Edward 1837
Herbert 1840
Titus 1843

During the life of Titus Jnr the family's fortunes declined. See There is no evidence, at this stage, of any link between our family and that of Sir Titus Salt apart from the coincidence of a Titus Salt born in 1885 the son of Thomas and Mary Salt.

Henry Salt FRS

Henry Henry Salt was a noted explorer and Fellow of the Royal Society who conducted several exploratory and diplomatic expeditions into the territory of Abyssinia (Ethiopia) and Egypt early in the nineteenth century. There is a possibility that our Salt family is directly linked to that of Henry Salt.
Born in 1780, the youngest of eight children of Thomas and Alice Salt of Lichfield, Thomas Salt was a doctor in Lichfield for 50 years, and was the son of a tradesman from Bingley. Thomas and Alice Salt's children were as follows:

Name Born
William & Catherine (twins)
(both died in infancy)

According to Henry's biographer, only three of Henry's brothers survived childhood, that is:

Name Born

Henry did marry but had only one child, a girl. With respect to Henry's brothers, John did not get married, Charles did marry but had only one girl, and Thomas was "lost at sea".

The precise wording in Henry's biography is ";the fate of Thomas Salt was particularly melancholy. He went to sea in a trading vessel which probably foundered, as neither he nor the ship were ever again heard of".

Henry Salt continued his schooling in Lichfield and eventually began working for the British Government as an attache to the British Consul in Egypt. Later he was involved in several expeditions, both geographic and scientific, into Abyssinia between 1802 and 1806. Henry Salt was an assistant to Viscount Valentia who produced a three-volume text detailing the expeditions. These volumes were produced in 1809, and remain today quite rare books. Indeed, the only copy of all three volumes in Australia is located in the State Library of Victoria in Melbourne.

The possible link with our Salt family is as follows. One copy of these volumes (Volume 2) has been handed down through our family and is now in my possession. Myrtle Salt (1899-1986) daughter of Thomas Salt (born Echunga 1859), explained that she was told there were three brothers who came out from England - Robert, Harry and Tom - and that the Henry Salt mentioned in the book gave each brother one volume. We now know that there were in fact four brothers who emigrated - William in 1840, Robert and Henry (Harry) in 1848, and Thomas in 1858.

The existence of the book, the knowledge of the existence of three volumes, the story of the three brothers emigrating, and the rarity and value of the book, all suggest that the story is true. It is unlikely that any member of the Salt family bought Volume 2, which I now have, because it would have been far too expensive for a worker to afford.

I suspect that whilst Henry's biographer explains that his brother Thomas was 'lost at sea', he possibly married a girl not approved of by his parents. If this was so, then Thomas could well have married in 1793, and had a son in the same year. We know that Robert Salt (who died at the age of 59 in Port Fairy in 1852) was born in 1793. Perhaps Henry Salt was in fact the grand uncle of William, Robert, Henry and Thomas, the four brothers who originally immigrated to Australia with their father. Henry Salt the explorer and diplomat later held the position of British Consul General in Egypt in the 1820's. He died early in the 1830's. It is my belief that Henry gave the volumes of his travels to his nephew (Robert born 1793), who then gave the volumes to his sons.

Naturally I would be delighted to hear of any member of the Salt family who have in their possession Volumes 1 or 3 of Viscount Valentia's Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia and Egypt in 1802-1806, published by William Miller in London, 1809.

Bernard Salt
May 1987


Letter from Peta Ree; co-author of
"Henry Salt: Artist, Traveller, Diplomat, Egyptologist"

May 2004

Dear Alan Salt,

My sister, Deborah Manley, and I were very intrigued by the idea that your Thomas Salt might be related to our Henry – but, alas, I fear it is unlikely, for many reasons.(Shouldn't that be Robert Salt, not Thomas? Robert was five years younger than Henry, so at best they might have been related or aquainted, and at worst, were unknown to each other.)

1. With so many Salts present in the Berkshire Pigots Directory of 1830, there clearly were plenty of Salts around there to be members of your Thomas’ family. I presume the International Genealogical Index (IGI) for Berkshire has been checked to see if Thomas’ baptism can be identified? (Robert's has been looked for, and it has not been found. The marriage document is the oldest evidence, and does not give the origin or parentage of the groom.)

2. The ‘3 volumes of Valentin’s Travels’ supposedly given to the three brothers won’t work on dates – Henry went to Egypt in 1815, a year before your Thomas (Robert) even married, and never returned. At the time he died, the brothers would have been only little boys. (This is the killer. Henry left England before the emigrating brothers were born, and died before they left for Australia, so it is improbable that he presented the volumes to the brothers.)

3. Suppose all three volumes to have been given to Thomas (Robert) by Henry, before 1815, this would mean Henry knew him to be his nephew. It would be helpful to know just when Henry’s brother Thomas was lost at sea, but Henry’s close friend and biographer, the artist John James Halls (who painted the portrait of Henry that you show), says no more than the sentence quoted on your page 7. It seems likely, as Halls apparently never met Thomas, and he and Halls met in 1797, that it was before that, but that can only be a guess.(The two Thomas's are confusing, but our Thomas is clearly Robert's son, while the Thomas Peta refers to is Henry's brother, though our Thomas's name may have been in honour of Henry's brother. Two of our Robert's children bear the names Henry and Thomas. Was this in honour of Peta's Henry and Thomas?)

4. Suppose that your Thomas (Robert) is Henry’s brother’s son – if it was from an acknowledged marriage, Dr Thomas Salt, Henry’s father, would surely have mentioned an only Salt grandson in his Will of 1817, but he does not, only his four surviving children, Jane de Vismes, Elizabeth Morgan, Dr Charles Salt, and Henry – and this could apply even if the marriage had not been approved of, or even if there had been no marriage, but he knew of the child. Unless there had been some private arrangement, one must conclude Dr Salt knew of no child. In which case, how could Henry know of him, or have met him?

(Again, our Robert could be a distant relative, or acquainted by chance because of a surname in common perhaps? That would be about all that would be possible on the face of it.. Still, a remarkable man Henry, and a Salt.)

Volume 2 of the Travels being in your family remains a mystery; have you seen it? Is it the 1809 or the 1811, smaller, edition? Are the other two volumes still in the family? Could a volume have been picked up second hand a long time ago, even before your family went to Australia, when they were not considered to be so valuable as they are now? It’s the sort of thing that is never likely to be provable! (Bernard says above, the 1809 edition. Only Bernard or his family might say more.)

As far as I have been able to find out, there is no connection between Henry’s Staffordshire Salts and the Yorkshire Salts of Sir Titus Salt, something everybody asks us. (We are not connected there either.)

We know Sir Michael Salt, who is related, but the connection to Henry’s family is several generations before Henry’s time. I have also met a Paul Salt, who would love to be related, but has been able to find no connection. Henry did have an illegitimate son, also Henry Salt, but as he was half Ethiopian, and married the daughter of an Armenian bishop in Beirut, it seems any of his descendants would be in the Near East. Had Henry’s daughter, Georgina, survived, which is not known, and married, her descendants would probably be in Italy, and not called Salt anyway.
So, sadly, Henry has to remain without known descendants, though descendants of his sister Jane might exist. Anyway, good luck in your search for your Thomas’ ancestors!

With best wishes,
Peta Ree

The historic Henry and Titus were not among our ancestors, but are famous Salts and therefore worth knowing about. I am indebted to Peta for the light she has shone on this. The story behind the gifted Volume shall remain a family mystery. Anyone wanting to know more about Henry might buy Peta's book on the subject: "Henry Salt: Artist, Traveller, Diplomat, Egyptologist"

Assorted Cuts

From a History of Publishing....

Henry Salt became associated with Egyptology as the employer of Belzoni, friend of Burckhardt, and the owner of three important collections of Egyptian Antiquities. He was born in Litchfield, in 1785. He had been trained as a painter, and first visited Egypt when he toured India and North Africa with the Viscount Valentia, George Annesley. He returned to Africa in 1809 on a government mission to establish contact with the King of Abyssinia, which occupied him for two years. In 1815 Salt was appointed Consul-General in Egypt, and he reached Alexandria in March, 1816. He financed the excavations of Belzoni, Caviglia, and d'Athanasi. He married an Italian lady (who died prematurely with her daughter in 1824) and he died outside Cairo in 1827.

Henry Salt, 1780-1827 "A voyage to Abyssinia, and travels into the interior of that country, executed under the orders of the British government, in the years 1809 and 1810" Philadelphia: M. Carey, and Wells and Lilly, 1816.
The ancient Christian civilization of Ethiopia continued to fascinate Europeans, as these facsimile inscriptions indicate. Henry Salt, a physician's son from Lichfield who had first visited the war-torn country under private patronage in 1805, returned as a quasi-official envoy under Canning's sponsorship in 1809-10, marching up from the Red Sea coast with an escort of 160 bearers, to explore trade and diplomatic links with the Abyssinian emperor Welde Selassie. Little came of the mission for the government, but Salt earned over 1000 pounds for the first edition of this book, and an appointment in 1815 as consul-general to Egypt.

Bosworth was Henry Salt's biographer.

Idle Conjecture about "Robert" Salt:

The boy's name Robert \r(o)-be-rt\ is pronounced RAH-bert. It is of Old German origin, and its meaning is "bright fame" or "famous in counsel", from the Germanic elements "hrode," meaning counsel or fame, and "beraht," meaning bright. It has been a favourite name for boys since the Middle-Ages. The name is specially favoured by the Scots due to the 14th-century king Robert the Bruce and the poet Robert Burns, both national icons. Roberto is a Latin form of the name.

Robert Salt was born in 1793 and died in 1852. His eldest son was named William Robert (born 1816), and his second son was named Thomas (born 1820). (The fourth son was also a Robert (born 1824).

William Robert had only one known son, John, who died in infancy.

His brother Thomas named his first son Thomas (born 1867), and his second son Robert (born 1870).

William Robert passed away in 1877. Thomas, eldest son of second born Thomas, subsequently named his son Robert (born 1886). This was my Grandfather. In a way, we were then the "eldest" surviving line.

He gave my father the name Robert Kenneth (born 1923).

My older brother was named Robert Stewart (born 1949). I was named Alan Charles Stewart (born 1952).

My father said it was a family tradition that the eldest born was named Robert. (In my mother's McEwin family the tradition was that the eldest son of the eldest son was named Stewart. To avoid confusion, my brother has always been referred to as Stewart.)

This leads me to speculate that the Robert of 1793 - 1852 might be the eldest son of yet another Robert.

Alan Salt, Aug 2007.

Most information on this page sourced from Bernard Salt and Kenneth Clark's research.
I've just put this together to try to attract more information about the Salt family in Australia to add here, so if you know more, or feel that an item of information is incorrect, contact me. If you have information on other Salt families in Australia I would be interested. I know there were Salts among the "transported", so there should be other Salt families.

Charlie F. Salt (Not related in any recent centuries, but I found his story interesting.)

Charlie Salt raced, test rode for BSA motorcycles, dabbled in engine development, and lost his life at the 1957 Golden Jubilee TT. His brother George T. Salt also raced up till that time, having come 9th in the SeniorTT in 1956 on a Norton. While Charlie showed promise in post war Manx Grand Prix events his results were not as good in the ensuing years. He was born circa 1916, but does not appear in IOM records till after WWII, and he was beginning his thirties.

In the following link Picture 1 shows Bill Nicholson and Bert Hopwood demonstrating the Super Flash to the French police at Monthlery April 1951. Picture 2 is a feature on the event from a French bike magazine. Picture 3 may be from a different magazine or issue and interestingly describes the bike as having 2 carburettors - it clearly doesn't.

"The French police wanted a bike that would haul a fully-equipped Gendarme sitting upright at 100mph. The only way the BSA test riders Charlie salt and Bill Nicholson could do this was to chin the tank in the wooded section of Monthlery where they couldn't be seen, get to 100 then sit up just as they emerged from the trees and into view..."

In the 1952 Lightweight TT Charlie rode a Pike-Rudge, as did the builder Roland Pike, Charlie coming 10th and Roland 13th.

"The BSA Gold Star" by Mick Walker refers to Charlie as test riding with Roland Pike, and trying to get a large diameter front brake through the suits at accounting for racing use.

Roland Pike discusses Gold Star development, "Charlie Salt once set out to design a new crankcase for the Gold Star using a high camshaft, but it had to look like a BSA he was told. Sunbeam and Rudge had both made high camshaft engines pre-war with chain driven camshafts."

Charlie SALT - Senior TT, 1957, Isle of Man

Rode in TT from 1946 to 1957. It was mostly Norton with a bit of Velocette riding till 1951, after which he rode for BSA. His best ever TT result was a tenth place on a Pike-Rudge in the 1952 Lightweight, and for BSA, a 13th in the 1951 Ultra Lightweight TT.

The record breaking Senior TT Race and the Golden Jubilee celebrations are marred by the death of Charlie Salt who crashes a BSA motor-cycle at Ballagarraghyn Corner and is killed, during the later stages of the 1957 Senior TT Race. "The Motor-Cycle" dated 13th June 1957

"Charles Francis Salt was a 43 year old motor car dealer from Streetly, Staffordshire. An experienced rider, he’d been riding for 25 years and had competed in the TT, Manx and Ulster TT. The senior race of 1957 was run over 8 laps for the first time, and it was on this final lap that Salt crashed. At 2pm, as he raced through Gorse Lea, about a mile before Ballacraine, the engine of his BSA seized. Struggling to contain the wobble, Salt and his machine struck a low stone wall and a concrete post adorned with red reflectors, ripping it from the ground. Salt was thrown 33 feet and landed suspended between a beech tree and the wall, from where the injured rider was recovered by spectators and laid in the field. Dr Bull attended from Ballacraine and found the poor man unconscious and with multiple spine fractures. He did come round sufficiently to ask what had happened. Salt was placed in an ambulance and arrived at Nobles hospital at 3:30pm, but despite the administration of oxygen and blood transfusions, he succumbed to his injuries. His wife and young son were spectating from the grandstand at the time.

The above info is taken from ‘Monas Herald’, a local IOM paper of that time.

Strange thing about Gorse Lea. It’s probably one of the safest parts of the whole course, and I think that’s probably been the only accident ever to occur there. I guess he was unlucky that the organisers added two laps onto the race that year, which his bike just couldn’t handle."
The above is taken from a private communication.

Charlie Salt

Complete name: Charles F. Salt
Birth date: ??.???.1916
Birth Place: unknown, unknown
Death date: 07.Jun.1957
Death Place: unknown, Isle of Man, United Kingdom
Nationality: United Kingdom
Gender: male
Age at death: 41

Accident date: 07.Jun.1957
Series: World Motorcycle Championship - 500 cm3
Race: British Grand Prix - Isle of Man Tourist Trophy, Senior race
Event: race
Country: United Kingdom
Venue: Isle of Man Mountain Circuit
Variant: 60.707-kilometer road course (1922-present)

Role: rider
Vehicle type: motorcycle
Vehicle sub-type: sports bike - from 351 cm3 up to 500 cm3
Vehicle brand/model: BSA
Vehicle number:

Charlie Salt crashed, probably because of a gear-box seizure, during the eighth lap of the 1957 Senior Tourist Trophy. That year the race was eight laps. He died after arrival in hospital, probably in Douglas, of an internal bleeding.

Charlie Salt was a regular and popular participant at the Isle Of Man races, he started racing at the Manx Grand Prix in 1946. After three years in which he obtained a third in the 1948 Senior race as best result, he switched to the Tourist Trophy, where he rode Velocette and BSA machines.

His achievements also include a second at the 350 cm3 Ulster GP in 1949, a fifth in the 1950 Belgian Grand Prix, again in the 350 cm3 class, both results obtained with a Velocette. He was then second at the 1955 Leinster 200, riding a 350 cm3 BSA.

Charlie Salt left a widow and a young son.

Sir SHIRLEY HARRIS SALT, 3rd Baronet (Oct. 30,
1869), of Saltaire, co. York. M.A., Barrister-at-Law, J. P.
for cos. Leicester and Brecknock. Born May 4, 1857,
being the son of Sir William Henry Salt, 2nd Bart., by his
wife Emma Dove Octaviana, dau. of John Dove Harris
of Ratcliflfe, co. Leicester. Armorial bearings— Azure, a
chevron indented between two mullets in chief and a demi-
ostrich displayed, holding in the beak a horseshoe in base
or ; the escutcheon charged with his badge of Ulster as a
baronet. Mantling azure and or. Crest— On a wreath of
the colours, upon a rock an alpaca statant proper. Motto
— "Quid non Deo juvante."
Married, Sept. 9, 1880,
Charlotte Jane, only dau. of the Very Rev. John Cotter
MacDonnell, Rector of Misterton, and Canon of Peter-
borough, sometime Dean of Cashel ; and has Issue — (i) John
William Titus Salt. Esq.. 6. 1884 ; (2) Robert Shirley Mac-
Donnell Salt, Esq., i. 1888 ; (3) Shirley Edward Philip Salt,
Elsq., *. 1891, d. Dec. 23, 1895; Dorothy Dove; and Kathleen
Mary. Seat — Gliffaes, Crickhowel. C/k3— Junior Carlton.

Azure (blue) = loyalty & truth
Chevron = protection - for those who have accomplished some faithful service
Mullets (the five-pointed stars) = divine quality bestowed from above
Ostrich = willing obedience & serenity
Horseshoe = good luck & protection
Or (gold or yellow) = generosity

Sir THOMAS SALT, 1st Baronet (1899). D.L. and
J. P. for CO. Stafford, formerly M.P. for many years,
at one time Capt. 2nd Staffs. Militia. Born May 12, 1830,
being the only son of Thomas Salt, by his wife Harriet
Letitia, daughter of the Rev. John Hayes Petit. Livery —
Pale drab. Armorial bearings — Argent, a chevron rompu
between three mullets in chief and a lion rampant in base
sable; the escutcheon being charged witli his badge of
Ulster as a Baronet ; and for his Crest, on a wreath
of the colours, three annulets interlaced sable, thereon a
dove holding in the beak an olive-branch proper, and
charged on the neck with a chevron also sable ; with the
Motto, "In sale salus."
Married, July 24, 1861, Helen
Mary, youngest daughter of John Laviscourt Anderdon of
Chislehurst, in the county of Kent ; and has Issue — (i)
Thomas Anderdon Salt, Esquire, Captain nth Hussars,
born Januarys, 1863; (2) Herbert Edward Salt, Gentleman,
born December 20, 1870; (3) George Edmund Stevenson
Salt. Gentleman, born February 19. 1873, Died on active
service in South Africa. April 3. 1900 ; (4) Reginald
John Salt. Gentleman, born March 2, 1874 ; (5) William
Manning Salt. Gentleman, born April 22, 1876 ; (6) Walter
Petit Salt. Gentleman, born October 5, 1878 ; (7) Harold
Francis Salt, Gentleman, born December 30, 1879 ; Laiu°a
Helen ; Mary Louisa ; and Helen Frances. Estates —
Weeping Cross, Standon, Biana. all in the county of
Stafford ; and Yeading. in the county of Middlesex. Postal
address — Weeping Cross, Stafford. Clubs — Carlton, United
University, St. Stephen's, Staffordshire County (Stafford),
County Conservative (Stafford).


Matthew 5:13: “You are the salt of the earth. But if the salt loses its saltiness, how can it be made salty again? It is no longer good for anything, except to be thrown out and trampled underfoot."

Before refrigeration foods were preserved with salt by soaking in brine. Given an impure salt mixed with minerals, the women put the salt into bags that were immersed in water. When the salt was fully dissolved, the bag of impurities was thrown out and trampled underfoot.


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